Causes of Constipation

Constipation that lasts for several weeks or more is considered chronic when it is characterized by infrequent bowel movements or difficult passage of feces.

In most cases, the condition of constipation is diagnosed when a person has fewer than three bowel movements in a given week.

Even though constipation occurs in many people on a more occasional basis, some people suffer from chronic constipation, which can make it difficult for them to carry out the activities of daily living. People who suffer from chronic constipation are more likely to experience excessive straining when trying to have a bowel movement.

The treatment for persistent constipation is somewhat determined by the underlying cause of the condition. On the other hand, in certain instances, the root reason is never identified.

What exactly is constipation?

A person is said to suffer from constipation if they experience bowel movements that are either painful or infrequent. When a person’s bowel movements result in the passage of a tiny amount of hard, dry stool, typically on fewer than three occasions per week, the person is regarded to be constipated in general. Having normal stool elimination, on the other hand, can mean having a bowel movement three times a day, or it can mean having a bowel movement three times a week; it all depends on the individual.

People may believe that if they have a bowel movement every day, they cannot be constipated. However, according to the medical definition of constipation, you can meet the criteria for the condition with just one of the following symptoms:

  • Fewer than three bowel movements per week, or less than normal.
  • Trying to get a bowel movement started or to finish it.
  • A stool with the consistency of rocks and pebbles in appearance.
  • A sensation of having not completely emptied oneself.

Constipation, depending on how severe it is, can cause a variety of difficulties, including abdominal pain and gas. Too much straining during bowel movements can also cause the following:

  • Hemorrhoids (swollen anal veins)
  • Anal Fissures (tears)
  • In patients with rectal prolapse, a portion of the rectum protrudes through the anus.

Causes of Constipation

The primary function of your colon is to take up water that is left over from meals as it travels through the rest of your digestive system. After that, it produces feces (waste).

The muscles of the colon eventually push the waste through the rectum and out of the body. This process is called elimination. Stools can become difficult to pass if they are allowed to sit in the colon for an excessive amount of time.

Constipation is typically the result of eating poorly. Consuming sufficient amounts of dietary fiber and water are both essential components in maintaining soft stools.

Plant-based foods are typically high in fiber content. Both soluble and insoluble types of fiber are available. When soluble fiber travels through the digestive system, it transforms into a substance that is similar to a soft gel and is able to dissolve in water.

The structure of the insoluble fiber is preserved to a significant degree while it travels through the digestive tract. Both kinds of fiber combine with stool, which causes the stool to become heavier and larger while also making it easier to pass. Because of this, moving through the rectum is made simpler.

Constipation can be caused by a number of factors, including anxiety, changes in habit, conditions that impede the muscle contractions of the colon, and conditions that postpone the urge to go to the bathroom.

Some Common Points

The following are some common causes of constipation:

  • A diet lacking in fiber, especially diets that are high in meat, milk, or cheese, might cause dehydration.
  • Low levels of physical activity, postponing the need to have a bowel movement due to travel or other changes in routine drugs, particularly specific antacids, pain medications, diuretics, and some treatments for Parkinson’s disease.
  • Pregnancy, older age, and higher levels of age (constipation affects around one-third of people ages 60 and over)

Help and Medical Attention

Modifying your diet and ramping up your activity level are the most straightforward and time-efficient approaches to treating and preventing constipation.

You can also attempt the strategies that are listed below:

  • In order to keep the body hydrated on a daily basis, it is recommended to consume 1.5 to 2 quarts of sugar-free fluids, such as water.
  • Reduce your intake of beverages containing alcohol and caffeine, as these might lead to dehydration.
  • Include in your diet more foods that are high in fiber, such as raw fruits and vegetables, beans, prunes, whole grains, and cereals made with bran. It is recommended that you consume between 20 and 35 grams of fiber on a regular basis.
  • Reduce your consumption of foods that are low in fiber, such as processed foods, meat, milk, and cheese.
  • Aim to complete approximately 150 minutes of moderate exercise each week, with the goal of exercising for at least 30 minutes per day, at least five times per week. Try walking, swimming, or biking.
  • If you feel the need to defecate, don’t put it off any longer than you absolutely have to. The longer you wait, the more likely it is that your stool may become difficult to move.
  • In order to get your body habituated to passing stool every 15 to 45 minutes, you should consult your doctor about bowel training.
  • After breakfast each day, you can rely on Trusted Source.
  • When you need to have a bowel movement, prop your feet up on a footstool to raise your knees so you have more room.
  • Make sure you give yourself plenty of time to use the restroom and work on relaxing your muscles while you’re there.
  • Laxatives should only be used occasionally. For a brief amount of time, a healthcare expert may recommend that you take laxatives or have enemas in order to help soften your feces. It should never be used for a period longer than two weeks without first consulting a medical practitioner. They have the potential to cause your body to become dependent on them.
  • Inquire with a qualified medical expert regarding the possibility that one or more of your medications could be causing constipation.


Constipation is a condition in which you may have fewer than three bowel movements per week; stools that are hard, dry, or lumpy; stools that are difficult or painful to pass; or a feeling that not all stool has passed. Other symptoms of constipation include stools that are difficult or painful to pass; stools that are difficult to pass; or a feeling that not all stool has passed. In most cases, constipation can be prevented or alleviated by the use of certain measures. If you feel any problem like this, instantly talk to the Best Gastroenterologists online because this may be a symptom of any other health problem. Luckily, Marham has the instant solution because of its large team of health experts and you can talk to any of them without waiting much.


1. When you have constipation, what happens if you push too hard on the toilet?

The straining motion that is ordinarily used by your colon to expel feces from your body is unable to move the stool because it is both too big and too tough. It is possible for it to induce discomfort and vomiting. It’s even possible that you’ll need to seek treatment at an urgent care center. Fecal impaction is more common in people who are older or younger and more likely to occur in children.